THE FIRST WORD
“We learn not in the school, but in life.” - Seneca
Most people are time-wasters.
This is a fact.
Whether it is wasted playing video games, perusing social media channels, watching TV, or otherwise, most of us spend far too much time on things that neither make our lives better, nor contribute positively to the rest of humanity.
I count myself as a member of this group.
But perhaps because of how I grew up, or where I grew up, or when I grew up, I have generally not fallen slave to some of the more typical trappings. I’ve never been a TV guy, and can count the times I’ve played a video game on one hand, for instance.
I don’t own a television, and I do my best to stay away from the daily news cycle. Frankly, I find it exhausting.
Essentially, I try my best to make good use of my time.
(Although I am certain many would argue that searching for, buying, and playing a few thousand records for three decades may not be the best use of someone’s time)
That being said, as the world becomes more digital, we are beginning to see a pendulum swing towards more acoustic forms. Vinyl has been making a comeback for a decade or so, for example. And more and more people seem to be engaging in the millennial version of “turn on, tune in, drop out”.
“Few things are as important to your quality of life as your choices about how to spend the precious resource of your free time.” - Winifred Gallagher
This article on the distinction between expiring knowledge and long-term knowledge offers a unique perspective on our current situation:
This article on the distinction between expiring knowledge and long-term knowledge offers a unique perspective on our current situation:
Expiring knowledge catches more attention than it should, for two reasons. One, there’s a lot of it, eager to buzz our short attention spans. Two, we chase it down, anxious to squeeze out insight before it loses relevance.
Long-term knowledge is harder to notice because it’s buried in books rather than blasted in headlines. But its benefit is huge. It’s not just that long-term knowledge rarely expires, letting you accumulate it over time. It’s that compounds over time. Expiring knowledge tells you what happened; long-term knowledge tells you why something happened and is likely to happen again. That “why” can translate and interact with stuff you know about other topics, which is where the compounding comes in.
I read newspapers and books every day. I can not recall one damn thing I read in a newspaper from, say, 2011. But I can tell you details about a few great books I read in 2011 and how they changed how I think. I’ll remember them forever. I’ll keep reading newspapers. But if I read more books I’d probably develop better filters and frameworks that would help me make better sense of the news.
The point, then, isn’t that you should watch less CNBC and read more Ben Graham. It’s that if you read more Ben Graham you’ll have an easier time understanding what you should or shouldn’t pay attention to on CNBC. This applies to most fields.
I try to ask when I’m reading: Will I care about this a year from now? Ten years from now? Eighty years from now?
It’s fine if the answer is “no,” even a lot of the time. But if you’re honest with yourself you may begin to steer toward the enduring bits of knowledge.
Take-home: limit your time spent on stuff that doesn’t really matter; stuff that you will have long forgotten in a couple of years. Instead, spend more time with good books. Books that have stood the test of time, or will stand the test of time.
But understand also that there’s nothing wrong with the occasional wasting of time. Just remember that - like dessert - it’s a slippery slope.
“The desire for self-fulfillment is the desire to become more and more what one is, to become everything that one is capable of becoming.” - Abraham Maslow
The deeper you go, the murkier the water.
If you hold a strong opinion on something perhaps you need to dig deeper
If you are doing something that no one else is doing you are either the smartest person or the dumbest person in the room
A version of the ‘paradox of intention’: You can have goals. But your happiness cannot be tied to the accomplishment of these goals - Roland Schoeman
I get asked a lot how one judges a coach - how do we tell if a coach is good or not?
My standard answer has been something along the lines of:
“Has the coach had success with a number of athletes, over a number of years, in a variety of different situations? If so, that’s a good coach.”
To be honest, though - I’m not sure that this is enough.
First - what is success? How we define it will determine the answers to those questions.
For example - what about the NCAA? There are a ton of coaches at small schools or in lower divisions that are no doubt excellent - but traditional markers of ‘success’ may be lacking because they don’t get access to the cream of the crop out of high school. Conversely, just because a school / coach does a great job of recruiting the top high school stars each year, does this mean that they are an excellent coach, or that the school has an excellent program?
Even in the professional ranks - the merry-go-round that is the coaching fraternity in, for example, the English Premier League, is retarding the opportunity and development of some no-doubt excellent young coaches in favor of the familiar (safe?) old names, who in many cases have proved over and over again that they cannot coach. Yet still, they command multi-million-pound salaries.
So to get back to the initial question: I guess how we ‘judge’ a coach depends on what the objective of coaching at that level is: the objective of coaching at the high school level should be significantly different from coaching at the college level, and the professional level. Perhaps the objective is even different within groups: e.g. in track & field, coaching success at Oregon, for example, is going to be judged differently than coaching success at Stanford.
For me - these four metrics remain consistent throughout:
If you generally have a healthy team, have shown results on a consistent basis - both within a season, and from season to season, the athletes you coach improve over the course of their time with you, and the ultimate outcome is positive - then you’re a good coach.
- Davids & Araujo
In this paper, we propose that the term skill acquisition, as commonly used in traditional psychology, and the philosophy, education, movement science and performance development literatures, has been biased by an organismic asymmetry. In cognitive and experimental psychology, for example, it refers to the establishment of an internal state or representation of an act which is believed to be acquired as a result of learning and task experience. Here we elucidate an ecological perspective which suggests that the term skill acquisition may not refer to an entity but rather to the emergence of an adaptive, functional relationship between an organism and its environment, thus avoiding an inherent organismic asymmetry in theorizing. In this respect, the terms 'skill adaptation' or 'skill attunement' might be more suitable to describe this process.
LONG READ OF THE WEEK
I’m generally not one to shy away from telling someone how I feel about them.
I have probably got a little better at not being so ‘brutally’ honest over the years, but I still feel it is important to be open and honest with everyone. It is especially important for a coach to be so with the athletes they work with. Even when the feedback is negative, it is essential to not shy away from offering it.
The timing of this feedback is also critical.
I had three athletes compete this weekend at the Mt Sac Relays.
One did OK. One did fairly well. And one did poorly.
In the post-race debrief, I tried to get this across to each of these athletes.
The most important debrief is with the athlete who competed poorly.
In my experience, too many coaches give the athlete an excuse; they provide an out for them.
I’m not sure if it is because they feel sorry for the athlete or lack the confidence to be critical in a difficult time, but giving them an excuse serves no purpose.
Instead - we must communicate immediately that we feel the performance was not acceptable; and what was not acceptable about it.
Sympathy serves no one.
The following article on negative feedback and radical candor was a timely read for me this week. Substitute the word ‘athlete’ for the word ‘employee’, and it communicates my thoughts on this pretty well:
Radical candor, performance appraisals and more — each has its place when you need to deliver criticism
- Arlene S. Hirsch
"Radical candor is the ability to challenge directly and show you care personally at the same time," said Scott, an executive coach in Silicon Valley and author of Radical Candor: Be a Kickass Boss Without Losing Your Humanity (St. Martin's Press, 2017). "Radical candor just means saying what you think while also giving a damn about the person you're saying it to."
New Ways of Thinking About Feedback
If you really want to improve an employee's performance, feedback is usually more effective when it is delivered in real time, along with guidance and recommendations about how to improve performance.
"The time for developmental feedback is always, whether in a coaching session or in a corridor," Richardson said. "Developmental feedback empowers because it helps people identify obstacles they face and reinforces their role in removing the obstacles each day."
"If your goal is to get the most out of people," Habelow said, "then you have to be willing to give direct, difficult feedback. It's not a bad thing. You're doing them a service."
Habelow provided the following suggestions for those who want to get better at delivering direct feedback:
- Begin by clarifying your objectives. What do you want to accomplish in this conversation?
- Script out the beginning and the end of the conversation.
- Try to anticipate how the information will be received along with your own reaction to any response.
- Negative feedback should be specifically focused on recognizable behaviors that can be changed rather than on personality traits or vague generalizations.
TWEET OF THE WEEK
On Coaching Communication:
*Movement Skill or Game Scenario*
Step 1 Instruct & Discuss - mins before movement
Step 2 Summarise & Cue - secs before movement
Step 3 Observe or Rhythm Cue - during movement
Step 4 Feedback - Athlete 1st/Coach 2nd - secs to mins after movement
- Nick Winkelman
Couple highlights from Chris Cushion’s excellent Modeling the Complexity of the Coaching Process:
“Saury and Durand argue that coaching can be characterised as complex, uncertain, dynamic, singular, and with conflicting values. Indeed, Saury and Durand suggested that the “actions of coaches were full of context based, opportunist improvisations and extensive management of uncertainty and contradictions”
Coaching practice can, therefore, be understood as ‘structured improvisation’ which means that reducing coaching to generic rules and processes becomes, at best, hugely problematic.
Structured improvisation, or the interaction of order and chaos, suggests that continuity in coaching comes not from stability but from adaptability. The ever-changing nature of coaching practice means we must focus on the totality of that practice and the practitioner, rather than simply on ‘episodes’ that occur in the process.
Coaching being understood as a relational, dynamic social microcosm that is contingent and ever-changing has the implication that to think of coaching and the coaching process, one should think relationally or dialectically. The ever-changing nature of coaching practice means that the coaching process has to be thought of differently to a ‘system’, since systems postulate common function, internal cohesion, and self-regulation.”
The athlete is a complex system.
Speed is a complex ability.
Coaching is a complex activity.
The interaction of the three borders on chaos.
The coach’s responsibility is to dance on the edge of this chaos - without actually falling in.
This is not easy.
The dexterity required to perform this dance requires years of experience, and the technical know-how required to fully understand the demands of each individual system, ability, and activity, as well as the interaction between them.
"It is extremely useful to represent the phenomenology of your experience as a domain of chaos and order ... You are in the domain of order when your actions produce the result you desire. You're in the domain of chaos when they don't. Your task is to straddle the border between those two domains because you don't always want to be where everything you are doing is working because you don't learn anything. And you don't want to be where nothing you are doing is working, because it is overwhelming. You want to be stable and dynamic at the same time ... The point of maximum proper being is right at the center of the border of chaos and order" - Jordan Peterson
Dr. Jeremy Sheppard wrote an excellent short piece on complexity as it relates to coaching within an organization. He was nice enough to allow me to share it here in its entirety:
Complex Adaptive Systems
The term Complex Adaptive System refers to a zone, within a spectrum, that varies from high certainty and agreement, to low.
Leadership research finds that a Complex Adaptive System allows for superior Innovation, collaboration, and high engagement, and is the field of play for exceptional teams. Teams with high levels of innovation, collaboration, and engagement promote a myriad of exceptional outcomes for the team, and its members.
Although high certainty and agreement can be a part of specific aspects of exceptional teams, this is usually only for very straightforward tasks where objectives are entirely predictable. In an exceptional organization, specific objectives and protocols can be entirely predictable and have no nuance, or variation to their application. For example, a credit card acquittal process, or a protocol in performing a highly specific task that has no nuance (e.g. you have specific procedures when you perform phlebotomy). These aspects of the business are considered a zone of ‘operational excellence’, where objectives and processes are perfectly known, application to the team is a straightforward process, and can be applied with minimal complication (high certainty), nor objection (hence high agreement component). Essentially in a functional team, these are areas where there are specific rules, and no team member, nor the organization, has a need, or interest in varying or adapting away from these rules.
Extremely low certainty and agreement is considered the zone of chaos. However, many challenges within an organization, or even the entire operations of entire organizations, can be in this zone. Through effective interpersonal leadership, chaotic aspects can be managed towards a complex adaptive system by simply working incrementally by building agreement and certainty on the topic or operational aspect that is in chaos. A key aspect to allow for this is to have a culture where those in the team can recognize chaos, then objectively and with appropriate emotions work together to building some higher certainty and agreement.
A key working here is Complex Adaptive System.
Adaptability is a key aspect of exceptional teams, through engaging appropriate peoples that are tied to success, promoting collaboration to achieve better outcomes amongst people and groups (e.g. more win-win scenarios, better products and better service), and fostering innovation within and across organizations. The Complex Adaptive System culture requires team members to be ‘comfortable in complexity’ (and in fact comfortable in chaos aspects and leading them back to complexity). This requires working with heuristics; essentially rules of thumb, rather than non-negotiable rules that suggest that the rule is perfect and no situation has the advantage to entertain nuance. Rules of thumb can guide a team in such a manner that they are clear on outcomes but adaptable.
The majority and highly definitive aspects of an exceptional team are operated in a Complex Adaptive System.
“A complex system, contrary to what people believe, does not require complicated systems and regulations and intricate policies. The simpler, the better. Complications lead to multiplicative chains of unanticipated effects. Because of opacity, an intervention leads to unforeseen consequences, followed by apologies about the unforeseen aspect of the consequences, followed by apologies for the ‘unforeseen’ aspect of the consequences, then to another intervention to correct the secondary effects, leading to an explosive series of branching unforeseen responses, each one worse than the proceeding one.
Yet simplicity has been difficult to implement in modern life because it is against the spirit of a certain brand of people who seek sophistication so they can justify their profession.
Heuristics are simplified rules of thumb that make things simple and easy to implement. But their main advantage is that the user knows that they are not perfect, just expedient, and is, therefore, less fooled by their powers. They become dangerous when we forget that.” - Nassim Nicholas Taleb, from Anti-Fragile: Things that Gain from Disorder
THE LAST WORD
The process is important.
And after a poor performance, it is often good to revisit it; the competition debrief should include coach-athlete agreement around a mutual understanding of what the process is, whether both are still committed to it, and what is required to move forward.
Sport though - is tough.
Because at the end of the day - outcome matters.
Mauricio Pochettino is a man after my own heart. After yesterday's FA Cup semi-final loss to Manchester United, the Tottenham Hotspur manager offered this week’s last word:
“We try to learn always but at some points, it is difficult … It is not always about learning, sometimes it is just about beating your opponent.”